What Is Canvas Fabric?

What Is Canvas Fabric

Canvas fabric is a very well-known fabric in the textile industry. This fabric is mainly popular for its excellent durability features. Canvas fabric has several outstanding features that make it a popular fabric in the textile industry. It is a kind of durable fabric that can retain color for the long term, making this fabric one of the best choices for painting projects.

There are different types of canvas fabrics available in the textile industry. Each and every fabric comes with dedicated features. Now in this article, I'm going to explore every fact about this fabric. So, stay with us and continue reading this article if you are interested in Canvas fabric.


What is canvas fabric?

Canvas is a popular heavy-duty or durable fabric that features plain weaving. This fabric is generally produced from cotton fiber; however, linen is also used to manufacture this fabric nowadays. Canvas fabric has vast popularity due to its excellent durability, heavy duty as well, and sturdy features.

Canvas may be made weather resistant and even waterproof by combining cotton and synthetic fibers, making it an ideal outdoor cloth. It was first famous as a suitable sail fabric material and a great painting medium. However, Canvas has since found uses as diverse as tent material, casual shoes, and high-end handbags.


The origin of Canvas

The word "canvas" comes from the Anglo-French word "canevaz" from the mid-1400s and the Old North French word "canevach" which means "made of hemp or hempen." Both may derive from the Vulgar Latin cannapaceus, meaning "made of hemp," which is derived from the Greek κάvvαβις (cannabis). The history of canvas fabric stretches back for millennia. Although it is commonly thought that the ancient Greeks popularized the use of fabric, cotton canvas is believed to have been woven in ancient India as early as 1500 BC.


What Is Canvas Fabric Made of?

While hemp was used to making canvas at the early stage, other materials like tow, flax, and jute have since been introduced into the production of the fabric. Nowadays, hemp is rarely used to make modern canvases. Cotton makes up the bulk of canvas. Some canvases may contain additional fibers, such as PVC, depending on their intended use, to strengthen or weatherproof the material. Because of the texture's suitability for paints, linen is still frequently used for art canvases.


Canvas Technical Properties

Fabric Name

Canvas Fabric

Manufacturing Materials

Cotton, Linen and PVC

Possible thread count


Fabric Durability


Fabric Breathability

Variable based on manufacturing material

Heat retention capabilities


Color Retention capacity


Moisture-wicking capabilities


Fabric Stretchability

Variable based on manufacturing material

Prone to bubbling


Washing Temperature



Bags, tents, sails, tarps, upholstery, pants, shoes, jackets, backpacks, covers, handbags, art supplies


Characteristics of canvas fabric?

Canvas fabric offers excellent features like durability, water resistance, color retention, and much more. Let's take a look at various features of this fabric.

Excellent Durability

The most notable feature of canvas fabric is its durability. Yes! Canvas is a highly durable fabric. However, its durability can vary based on the manufacturing materials or types of fabric. But overall, this fabric offers excellent durability.

Water-resistant feature

Since raw canvas is not particularly waterproof, when the production process is complete, it is frequently strengthened with a waterproofing technique. For this reason, a lot of outdoor items employ canvas fabric.


Compared to canvas manufactured with PVC and synthetic materials, canvas produced from natural fibers such as cotton is more breathable. The fabric feels breathable because of linen and cotton fibers' easy water absorption and rapid drying times.

Color retention

One of canvas fabric's fantastic features is its excellent color retention capability. Even under the worst climatic circumstances, the dyes on this fabric always remain vibrant. This feature makes canvas fabric suitable for painting.

Enhance natural properties

The ability to simply include extra chemical qualities to increase its natural properties is among canvas fabric's most essential features. Compared to many other materials, canvas may last for decades with proper handling.

Easy to clean

Last but not least, canvas fabric is excellently easy to clean. You can clean this fabric with medium to hot water. You can also iron this fabric.


What types of canvas fabric are there?

You can find different types of canvas fabric in the textile industry. These are mainly classified according to manufacturing materials as well as thread count. Let's take a look at different types of canvas fabric.

Cotton Canvas

Cotton canvas is more widely used than any other type of canvas because it is much more affordable and can be varied to meet consumer demand. Compared to hemp and linen, it is much fluffier, stretcher, and smoother. Different horizontal ribs that run parallel to one another are woven into the cotton canvas. One side has a diagonal texture, while the other is smoother.

Blended canvas

This is one of the popular types of canvas fabric in the textile industry. This type of canvas fabric has both polyester and cotton canvas advantages. It has an organic feel and exceptional tenacity. Blended canvas is best for painting as well as inkjet printing of photographs and artwork.

Duck Canvas

The thickest quality of the cotton canvas is called duck canvas. Usually, it is created with double as much fiber running in one manner as the other. Numbers from 1 to 12 are used to grade it; the greater the proportion, the lighter the grading. Windbreakers and heavy-duty workwear both employ this kind of canvas fabric.

Synthetic Canvas

It is possible to use synthetic fibers or mixes to make the canvas. You may keep the inherent qualities while adding durability and resilience by combining them with natural fibers.

Hemp Canvas

Canvas made from hemp is the most robust material available to textile makers. Hemp is rigid and wear-resistant like linen, yet it also has a soft hand like cotton. Currently, legal limitations prevent hemp from being used to make the canvas.


Canvas Fabric Applications

The first and foremost use of canvas fabric is as a painting material. The majority of canvas manufactured now is used as painting equipment. Canvas fabric also has enough popularity in the outdoor gear industry. Yes! Different outdoor gear is manufactured with this fabric.

Canvas bags are the only significant use of canvas in modern fashion. Canvas exteriors are found on some of the most desired bags and rucksacks in the world. Converse's original high-top sneakers are one of the most well-known examples of canvas footwear used by manufacturers in the casual clothing industry.

Water-resistant waxed canvas cloth is used in many fields, like manufacturing and the military, to cover anything from boats to entrances. Waxed canvas fabric is frequently used to make jackets and outdoor clothing. It is excellent for camping as well as sailing gear due to its toughness and water resistance.


Canvas Fabric from PaCanva

PaCanva is a reliable canvas backpack brand. We are a company that specializes in canvas bags and packs of various shapes and sizes since they are an ageless classic. Learn about PaCanva's unique and antique canvas backpacks.

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